Taiwan's international air routes are served by 88 airlines that fly to 123 major cities throughout the world. Three carriers operate domestic routes that reach to all of the island's main cities and offshore islands. There are two international airports in Taiwan: Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport in Taoyuan (about 40 KM from Taipei City), and Hsiao-Kang Airport in Kaohsiung. Direct flights between Taiwan and other countries provide convenient services.
The mass rapid transit system (MRT) operates in Taipei and Kaohsiung, the two biggest cities in Taiwan. Currently, Taipei has eight MRT routes under operation while Kaohsiung has two routes. The MRT runs from 06:00 to 24:00. Automatic ticket machines can be found in MRT stations. "single-journey Tickey" prices range from NT$20 to NT$65 depending on travel distance. A NT$150 "One-day pass" purchased from service booth will allow unlimited travel on all MRT lines within one day.
Major cities have an abundance of taxis. Charges are NT$70 for the first 1.5km and NT$5 for each additional 300 meters. An additional NT$5 is charged for every two minutes of waiting, and a 20% surcharge is added to fares between 23:00 and 06:00, NT$10 dollars tip needed for cab dispatched by phone and for luggage placed in taxi trunk. Out-of-town or long-distance travels may not apply to meter charge. A 50% addition to the meter charge is required for cab travel to CKS airport. It costs around NT$1,200 to travel from CKS to Taipei city.
Taiwan High Speed Railway
The THSR goes through 12 main cities along the western part of Taiwan at the moment.
Trains on the round-the-island rail network provide extremely convenient services. Tickets may be purchased three days in advance.
Taiwan enjoys warm weather all year round. The biggest fluctuations in weather conditions are during spring and winter, During summer and autumn the weather is relatively stable. The annual average temperature in Taiwan is a comfortable 22 degrees Celsius with the lowest temperatures ranging from 12 to 17 degrees Celsius.
Taiwan's unit of currency is the New Taiwan Dollar (NT$), which has five denominations in paper money and five in coins. Paper money comes in NT$2000, NT$1000, NT$500, NT$200, and NT$100 denominations. Coins come in NT$50, NT$20, NT$10, NT$5 and NT$1 denominations.
Taiwan uses electric current of 110 volts at 60 cycles, appliances from Europe, Australia or South-East Asia will need an adaptor or transformer. Many buildings have sockets with 220 volts especially for the use of air conditioners.
Taiwan is 8 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).